Breaking Down The Mexican National ID Number

Breaking Down The Mexican National ID Number

The National ID Number or CURP (Clave Única de Registro de Población) is among the most typical ID numbers for individuals in Mexico. It's similar in use to the U.S. Social Security Number, but unlike the SSN, it is algorithmically generated utilizing the particular person’s full authorized name and personal information. Understanding Mexican ID Number building can assist reveal key information about individuals and allow analysts to simply determine false ID numbers.



Naming Conventions in Latin America

Before we talk about the structure of CURPs, it is essential to talk about naming conventions in Latin America. In Spanish-speaking jurisdictions, names are typically comprised of three parts.

A person’s given name, additionally known as a primary name, is either a single name, resembling Alejandra, or more commonly a compound name with or more names, similar to Francisco Enrique.

The given name is followed by the paternal surname, then the maternal surname. Paternal and material surnames may be compound, however this is less common.

For example, let’s look at professional Mexican soccer player Rafael Márquez Álvarez. The U.S. Division of the Treasury sanctioned him in 2017 for serving as a frontman and holding assets for long-time drug kingpin Raúl Flores Hernández, the leader of the Flores Drug Trafficking Organization.

If we break down his name into its three components, his given name is Rafael, his paternal surname is Márquez, and his maternal surname is Álvarez.



Deciphering the Mexican National ID Number

The Mexican National ID Number (CURP) is an eighteen character alphanumeric code. It is structured as follows:

4 letters from the individual’s legal name: – First letter of the paternal surname – First inner vowel of the paternal surname – First letter of the maternal surname – First letter of the given name
Six numbers that are the particular person’s date of beginning in YYMMDD format
One letter describing the individual’s gender: "H" for male (hombre) and "M" for feminine (mujer)
Two letters which are the 2-letter state abbreviation for the state where the individual was born; if the individual was born outside of Mexico, the abbreviation "NE" will probably be used for Nacido en el Extranjero (born abroad)
Three letters from the person’s legal name: – First inner consonant of the paternal surname – First inner consonant of the maternal surname – First inner consonant of the given name
One character to avoid duplicate CURPs amongst people who have comparable names, places of delivery, and dates of start; the character is a number that ranges from zero to 9 for folks born earlier than 2000 and a letter from A to Z for people born since 2000
One character that is a checksum

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